Lily, from the Latin Lílium, belongs to plants from the Liliaceae family or Liliaceae and is very popular as a decorative culture in landscaping garden plots or gardens. Lilies are divided into two groups: wild and cultivated or varietal. This beautiful and perennial culture is in great demand both by experienced and novice growers, which is due to the possibility of choosing among a huge number of varieties and species.
Street and indoor lilies, regardless of variety, are characterized by a similar structure. The stem part of the plant is a continuation of the bottom of the bulb. The leaves are relatively large, arranged spirally. Flowers are collected in cylindrical, conical or umbrella inflorescences.
Large perianths are represented by six completely free leaves, which are located in the form of a funnel or bell. The shape and size, as well as the coloring of the flower, can be different and depend on the variety. The fruit is represented by a three-nest box filled with flat seeds.
Many varieties and species grow well and bloom profusely in the flower beds in the garden and the front garden in the country. As a rule, it is very easy to grow unpretentious garden lilies, but cultivating indoor varieties does not cause problems for gardeners. To ensure proper care of the plant, as well as to grow truly chic lilies, you need to know their species and varietal features.
About thirty varieties of lilies are grown in the culture, represented by a huge variety of varieties and cultivars. In addition to tiger lilies well-known to domestic floriculturists, quite new, promising species appeared that were obtained by the hybridization method and combined the best qualities and characteristics of parental cultures.
|View name||Incoming Groups||Culture characteristic||The best varieties|
|Asian hybrids||The species includes Dutch, spotted, bulbous, tiger, monochromatic, drooping and dwarf lilies, as well as lilies of Maximovich and David. In addition, the hybrid forms of Skinner, Taylor, Palmer, Mid Senchuri, Paterson and Byam are commonly referred to this species.||They are characterized by unpretentiousness and endurance, they easily withstand low-temperature modes, are undemanding to the level of lighting, they are very easy to breed||Adeline, Blazing Dwarf, Flora Pleno, Ventu Marcel, Marlene, Sorbet, Vermeer, Montrex, Kentucky|
Martagon or curly hybrids
|All lilies originating from Curly, Hanson, two-rowed, Tsingtauntsky and mellow-shaped lilies||Tall plants with drooping flowers of a chalmoid shape, characterized by frost resistance, unpretentiousness to the quality of soil and lighting, high decorativeness and disease resistance||"Manitoba Fox", "Martagon Album", "Mrs. R. O. Backhouse"|
|Candium||Hybrids, the breeding of which involves white lilies, chalcedony and other species of the European line||A few varieties are characterized by the formation of very decorative and fragrant flowers||Terracotta, Apollo|
|Hybrid american||Hybrids whose parent plants are the lilies Leopard, Humbold, Canadian, Colombian, Bolander and Parry||Quite whimsical varieties with decent frost resistance and various in shape and color of flowers||"Shuksan" and "Cherrywood"|
|Long-flowered hybrid form||The ancestors of the species are formolongs and formosa lily||Very heat-loving and insufficiently frost-resistant varieties with a low level of disease resistance||White Fox and White Haven|
|Tubular Hybrid||Hybrid form of Asiatic Lily, represented by Sunburst, Golden Shours, Hart Desire, Golden Clairon||Frost-resistant, in need of fertile soil, virus-resistant, easily propagated by any method plants||Black Dragon, Golden Clarion, Queen of the Garden, Mimosa Star|
|East||Hybrid forms, the ancestors of which were reddish, beautiful, golden and Japanese lilies||Varieties quite difficult to grow and propagate with a low level of winter hardiness||Anais, Barbados and Ascari|
|LA hybrid||Obtained by hybridization of long-flowered and Asiatic lilies||High resistance to fungal infections, excellent winter hardiness, wide color gamut||Brindisi, Euliner and Freya|
|Orienpets||The result of hybridization of tubular and eastern hybrid forms||Plants with good growth power, have large flowers in a cup-shaped or funnel-shaped||Black Beauty, Big Brother, and Beverly Dream|
Varietal lilies are perfectly adapted for growing in the conditions of a vegetable garden and a garden in our country. Some varieties are shade-tolerant and grow well, and also bloom profusely in shading or near a tree.
|Title||View||Plant height||Flower||Winter hardiness||Bloom|
|"Tinos" or "Tinos"||Lilium Asian||1m||White, with raspberry specks in the central part||Up to -34ºC||June-July|
|Landini or Landini||1.2-1.2 m||Maroon, almost black||Requires shelter||Same terms|
|Lollypop or Lollipop||70-80 cm||White with a raspberry pink edge||Up to -36ºC||Same terms|
|"Annemaries's dream" or "Annemaris Dream"||0.9-1.1 m||White with unusually arched petals||Requires shelter||Same terms|
|Cherbourg or Cherbourg||Lilium Eastern||90 cm||White, from the center to the middle the petals are pale yellow, the edges are wavy||Up to -28ºC||July to August|
|Sixth Sense or Six Sense||1.1-1.2 m||Wine red with dark speckles and white trim||Requires shelter||July to August|
|Marco Polo or Marco Polo||0.9-1.1 m||Pink and white with small dots in the center, corrugated||Requires shelter||July to September|
|"Furio" or "Furio"||0.8-1.1 m||Bright red with a white edge and speckles in the center||Up to -35 ° C||July to August|
|"Samur" or "Samur"||LA hybrid||1.1-1.2 m||Baby pink with a white center||Requires shelter||June-July|
|Freya or Freya||1m||Bright yellow stain with a greenish center||Up to -40⁰C||July to August|
|"Fangio" or "Fangio"||1.1-1.2 m||Dark scarlet with rare specks in the center||Requires shelter||June-July|
|Courier or Courier||1.1-1.2 m||Snow-white with a touch of lime and maroon anther flower||Requires shelter||Same terms|
|"Vendella" or "Vendella"||LO hybrid||1.1-1.2 m||Saturated pink with a thin snow-white border||Up to -28ºC||Same terms|
|Triumphator or Triumphator||90-120 cm||White staining with a rich pink center||Up to -40ºC||From mid-summer to September|
|"Deliana" or "Deliana"||Longiflorum||115-120 cm||Lemon yellow simple flowers with dark stamens||Needs shelter||July to August|
|"White Heaven" or "White Haven"||90-110 cm||Snow-white flower with a greenish central part||Needs shelter||June-July|
|Bonbini or Bonbini||OT Hybrid Lily||Column-shaped lily up to a meter high||White flower with a yellow-green throat||Needs shelter||July to August|
|"Anastacia" or "Anastasia"||Tree lily up to two meters high||Pale pink stain with streaks and specks of raspberry color||Up to -34ºC||Same terms|
|African Queen or African Queen||Lilium Tubular||100-120 cm||Apricot orange with brown specks on the outside||Needs shelter||Same terms|
|"Pink Perfection" or "Pink Perfection"||120-140 cm||Pink-lilac staining petals with a bright pink border||Needs shelter||Same terms|
|Black Beauty or Black Beauty||Species lily||70-120 cm||Cherry-red petals with a purplish-violet hue and snow-white border||Needs shelter||From mid to late summer|
|"Henry" or "Henry"||1-1.5 m||Apricot flower with dark red staining of beards, chalmoid form||Needs shelter||Aug. Sept|
|"Elodie" or "Elodie"||Lilium Terry||90 cm||Pale pink flowers with dark dots on the petals||Up to -40ºC||Mid summer|
|Aphrodite or Aphrodite||1.1 m||Pure pale pink coloring||Up to -40ºC||Mid summer|
|Kaveri or Kaveri||OA Hybrid Form||1.1 m||Yellow bright flower with a pink center||Up to -34ºC||From mid to late summer|
|Cocopa or Cocopa||1m||Red-pink with a darker center||Up to -34ºC||From mid to late summer|
Planting lilies can be carried out in the spring, in April-May, or in the fall, approximately in September and early October. It is recommended to adhere to the following technology of planting a decorative culture in a permanent place:
After planting, watering and mulching of the soil is carried out, which will allow the bulb to adapt to growing conditions as soon as possible.
As a rule, caring for flowers is easy. It is enough to carry out the following activities in a timely manner:
The remaining top dressing should be carried out depending on the varietal characteristics and indicators of soil fertility.
In order to propagate plants in home gardening, the following methods can be used:
Many varieties of this decorative culture reproduce with the help of scales, which are formed on the surface of the bulbs or near its base.
Different varieties and types of Lilium have different resistance to diseases and damage by pests, so you should systematically inspect the plants and, if the first signs of damage are detected, conduct treatment. The most common preventive treatments of the aerial parts in the early spring with drugs "Abiga Peak", "Bayleton", "Bordeaux mix", "Oksikhom", "Topaz" or Home. If necessary, re-processing can be carried out.
Today in specialized stores such exotic plants are sold as lily tree, mini-lilies, pyramidal lilies, bush lily, cascade, curly or ampelous, as well as climbing and bunch. However, Asian hybrid forms, which look great when designing mixborders, in group plantings with spherical dahlias and asters, are also great for cutting, are still especially popular. All varieties and species are very beautiful, and unpretentious mountain ixiolirions or lavender lilies look especially interesting with them. They are very decorative and are great for composing bouquet compositions.