Noble lilies: features of cultivation and use in garden decor

Lily, from the Latin Lílium, belongs to plants from the Liliaceae family or Liliaceae and is very popular as a decorative culture in landscaping garden plots or gardens. Lilies are divided into two groups: wild and cultivated or varietal. This beautiful and perennial culture is in great demand both by experienced and novice growers, which is due to the possibility of choosing among a huge number of varieties and species.

Botanical Description

Street and indoor lilies, regardless of variety, are characterized by a similar structure. The stem part of the plant is a continuation of the bottom of the bulb. The leaves are relatively large, arranged spirally. Flowers are collected in cylindrical, conical or umbrella inflorescences.

Large perianths are represented by six completely free leaves, which are located in the form of a funnel or bell. The shape and size, as well as the coloring of the flower, can be different and depend on the variety. The fruit is represented by a three-nest box filled with flat seeds.

Many varieties and species grow well and bloom profusely in the flower beds in the garden and the front garden in the country. As a rule, it is very easy to grow unpretentious garden lilies, but cultivating indoor varieties does not cause problems for gardeners. To ensure proper care of the plant, as well as to grow truly chic lilies, you need to know their species and varietal features.

Description of species

About thirty varieties of lilies are grown in the culture, represented by a huge variety of varieties and cultivars. In addition to tiger lilies well-known to domestic floriculturists, quite new, promising species appeared that were obtained by the hybridization method and combined the best qualities and characteristics of parental cultures.

View nameIncoming GroupsCulture characteristicThe best varieties
Asian hybridsThe species includes Dutch, spotted, bulbous, tiger, monochromatic, drooping and dwarf lilies, as well as lilies of Maximovich and David. In addition, the hybrid forms of Skinner, Taylor, Palmer, Mid Senchuri, Paterson and Byam are commonly referred to this species.They are characterized by unpretentiousness and endurance, they easily withstand low-temperature modes, are undemanding to the level of lighting, they are very easy to breedAdeline, Blazing Dwarf, Flora Pleno, Ventu Marcel, Marlene, Sorbet, Vermeer, Montrex, Kentucky

Martagon or curly hybrids

All lilies originating from Curly, Hanson, two-rowed, Tsingtauntsky and mellow-shaped liliesTall plants with drooping flowers of a chalmoid shape, characterized by frost resistance, unpretentiousness to the quality of soil and lighting, high decorativeness and disease resistance"Manitoba Fox", "Martagon Album", "Mrs. R. O. Backhouse"
CandiumHybrids, the breeding of which involves white lilies, chalcedony and other species of the European lineA few varieties are characterized by the formation of very decorative and fragrant flowersTerracotta, Apollo
Hybrid americanHybrids whose parent plants are the lilies Leopard, Humbold, Canadian, Colombian, Bolander and ParryQuite whimsical varieties with decent frost resistance and various in shape and color of flowers"Shuksan" and "Cherrywood"
Long-flowered hybrid formThe ancestors of the species are formolongs and formosa lilyVery heat-loving and insufficiently frost-resistant varieties with a low level of disease resistanceWhite Fox and White Haven
Tubular HybridHybrid form of Asiatic Lily, represented by Sunburst, Golden Shours, Hart Desire, Golden ClaironFrost-resistant, in need of fertile soil, virus-resistant, easily propagated by any method plantsBlack Dragon, Golden Clarion, Queen of the Garden, Mimosa Star
EastHybrid forms, the ancestors of which were reddish, beautiful, golden and Japanese liliesVarieties quite difficult to grow and propagate with a low level of winter hardinessAnais, Barbados and Ascari
LA hybridObtained by hybridization of long-flowered and Asiatic liliesHigh resistance to fungal infections, excellent winter hardiness, wide color gamutBrindisi, Euliner and Freya
OrienpetsThe result of hybridization of tubular and eastern hybrid formsPlants with good growth power, have large flowers in a cup-shaped or funnel-shapedBlack Beauty, Big Brother, and Beverly Dream

Photo gallery

The best varieties

Varietal lilies are perfectly adapted for growing in the conditions of a vegetable garden and a garden in our country. Some varieties are shade-tolerant and grow well, and also bloom profusely in shading or near a tree.

How to plant a lily

TitleViewPlant heightFlowerWinter hardinessBloom
"Tinos" or "Tinos"Lilium Asian1mWhite, with raspberry specks in the central partUp to -34ºCJune-July
Landini or Landini1.2-1.2 mMaroon, almost blackRequires shelterSame terms
Lollypop or Lollipop70-80 cmWhite with a raspberry pink edgeUp to -36ºCSame terms
"Annemaries's dream" or "Annemaris Dream"0.9-1.1 mWhite with unusually arched petalsRequires shelterSame terms
Cherbourg or CherbourgLilium Eastern90 cmWhite, from the center to the middle the petals are pale yellow, the edges are wavyUp to -28ºCJuly to August
Sixth Sense or Six Sense1.1-1.2 mWine red with dark speckles and white trimRequires shelterJuly to August
Marco Polo or Marco Polo0.9-1.1 mPink and white with small dots in the center, corrugatedRequires shelterJuly to September
"Furio" or "Furio"0.8-1.1 mBright red with a white edge and speckles in the centerUp to -35 ° CJuly to August
"Samur" or "Samur"LA hybrid1.1-1.2 mBaby pink with a white centerRequires shelterJune-July
Freya or Freya1mBright yellow stain with a greenish centerUp to -40⁰CJuly to August
"Fangio" or "Fangio"1.1-1.2 mDark scarlet with rare specks in the centerRequires shelterJune-July
Courier or Courier1.1-1.2 mSnow-white with a touch of lime and maroon anther flowerRequires shelterSame terms
"Vendella" or "Vendella"LO hybrid1.1-1.2 mSaturated pink with a thin snow-white borderUp to -28ºCSame terms
Triumphator or Triumphator90-120 cmWhite staining with a rich pink centerUp to -40ºCFrom mid-summer to September
"Deliana" or "Deliana"Longiflorum115-120 cmLemon yellow simple flowers with dark stamensNeeds shelterJuly to August
"White Heaven" or "White Haven"90-110 cmSnow-white flower with a greenish central partNeeds shelterJune-July
Bonbini or BonbiniOT Hybrid LilyColumn-shaped lily up to a meter highWhite flower with a yellow-green throatNeeds shelterJuly to August
"Anastacia" or "Anastasia"Tree lily up to two meters highPale pink stain with streaks and specks of raspberry colorUp to -34ºCSame terms
African Queen or African QueenLilium Tubular100-120 cmApricot orange with brown specks on the outsideNeeds shelterSame terms
"Pink Perfection" or "Pink Perfection"120-140 cmPink-lilac staining petals with a bright pink borderNeeds shelterSame terms
Black Beauty or Black BeautySpecies lily70-120 cmCherry-red petals with a purplish-violet hue and snow-white borderNeeds shelterFrom mid to late summer
"Henry" or "Henry"1-1.5 mApricot flower with dark red staining of beards, chalmoid formNeeds shelterAug. Sept
"Elodie" or "Elodie"Lilium Terry90 cmPale pink flowers with dark dots on the petalsUp to -40ºCMid summer
Aphrodite or Aphrodite1.1 mPure pale pink coloringUp to -40ºCMid summer
Kaveri or KaveriOA Hybrid Form1.1 mYellow bright flower with a pink centerUp to -34ºCFrom mid to late summer
Cocopa or Cocopa1mRed-pink with a darker centerUp to -34ºCFrom mid to late summer

Landing technology

Planting lilies can be carried out in the spring, in April-May, or in the fall, approximately in September and early October. It is recommended to adhere to the following technology of planting a decorative culture in a permanent place:

  • for planting varieties of tubular, Orleans, Asiatic lily, as well as any interspecific hybrid forms, it is recommended to use open areas with good lighting, and any other species need some shading;
  • the soil on the site should have a sufficient level of looseness and fertility, and acidity may vary depending on varietal characteristics;
  • before planting, it is advisable to soak the bulbs for ½ hour in a weak solution of potassium permanganate diluted at the rate of 5 g per 10 l of water.

After planting, watering and mulching of the soil is carried out, which will allow the bulb to adapt to growing conditions as soon as possible.

Care Features

As a rule, caring for flowers is easy. It is enough to carry out the following activities in a timely manner:

  • irrigation measures should be quite plentiful, but not too frequent, which will prevent the decay of the bulb and root system;
  • flower beds should be kept clean, therefore, weeding should be systematically carried out;
  • the first feeding of lilies is carried out in early spring using ammonium nitrate at the rate of a tablespoon per square meter.

The remaining top dressing should be carried out depending on the varietal characteristics and indicators of soil fertility.

Breeding rules

In order to propagate plants in home gardening, the following methods can be used:

  • tiger, bulbous and sulfur-colored lilies form aerial bulbs, which are very well rooted and can significantly facilitate the propagation of ornamental culture;
  • reproduction by means of daughter bulbs or children is most convenient for long-flowered, saffron, umbrella, golden, Sestroretsky and white lilies;
  • division of the bulb nest also belongs to the category of very simple methods and is often used in home gardening.

Many varieties of this decorative culture reproduce with the help of scales, which are formed on the surface of the bulbs or near its base.

Diseases and Pests

Different varieties and types of Lilium have different resistance to diseases and damage by pests, so you should systematically inspect the plants and, if the first signs of damage are detected, conduct treatment. The most common preventive treatments of the aerial parts in the early spring with drugs "Abiga Peak", "Bayleton", "Bordeaux mix", "Oksikhom", "Topaz" or Home. If necessary, re-processing can be carried out.

How to care for lilies in the garden

In landscape design

Today in specialized stores such exotic plants are sold as lily tree, mini-lilies, pyramidal lilies, bush lily, cascade, curly or ampelous, as well as climbing and bunch. However, Asian hybrid forms, which look great when designing mixborders, in group plantings with spherical dahlias and asters, are also great for cutting, are still especially popular. All varieties and species are very beautiful, and unpretentious mountain ixiolirions or lavender lilies look especially interesting with them. They are very decorative and are great for composing bouquet compositions.

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