How to plant gladioli


Gladiolus - decoration of the garden. It is best to prepare gladiolus for sowing in March.

Despite the fact that these flowers are usually prepared for sowing in March or April, and planted in the first half of May, it happens that the bulbs sprouted in March. Experienced gardeners know that this is common for gladiolus if corms are stored at room temperature.

Why do flowers begin to sprout prematurely

This happens if the storage conditions of the bulbs are violated. If you store the bulbs of gladioli at room temperature and high humidity, they will begin to germinate in March.

During the period of natural and forced rest, the bulb cannot germinate. Natural peace lasts 40 days. At this time, the corm will not germinate, even under favorable conditions. But after natural rest this can happen, therefore, so that the flowers do not sprout ahead of time, the bulbs must be immersed in forced rest.Bulbs should be stored at a temperature not exceeding 10 ° C and 60-70% humidity.

If the storage conditions of the bulbs are violated, they germinate, while only the sprout is lengthened, and the roots do not develop. This is harmful to the plant, as it drains it.

What to do with early germination? You can not plant the bulb in the ground. There is still little light and nutrition; plants will grow poorly and do not form flowers at all.

To avoid early germination, closer to spring, you need to more often view the planting material. If there are sprouts there, they must be dried in a warm place for 2-3 days, and then removed to a place where the temperature is not higher than 5 ° C. 2 weeks before planting, the bulbs can be moved to more comfortable conditions - 15 ° C. So they will prepare for germination.

If you can’t wait to land

Some sprouted bulbs, already peeled, can be planted in peat pots. Using them, you will not have to transplant, as the flowers do not really like her. However, plants will need additional care - there is very little natural light, and plants are sun-loving. The place for pots with bulbs should be cool and well lit. You do not need to overdo it with watering, otherwise the leaves will be very elongated, which can lead to a break after planting in open ground. It is worth considering that such early gladioli will not bloom this year.

After landing in the open ground, it is advisable to cover young gladioluses from the sun and wind. You can grow gladioli in tubs at the cottage or on the balcony in the pots.

Is it possible to grow flowers by March

It is possible, but this process is very complicated and requires a well-equipped place. For gladiolus to grow in winter and delight with its flowering in March, they need good lighting, comfortable temperature, humidity and constant ventilation. In an apartment, it is almost impossible to achieve all the conditions for growing gladioli during a time when they are still supposed to be at rest in nature. This requires a special greenhouse with lamps, heating, constant humidity and ventilation. Often, March gladioli are grown exclusively for sale, and not for their own pleasure. The process itself is labor intensive.

Difficult preparation of the material for landing. To get beautiful bouquets of gladioli in March, corms need to be dug up in the first half of September, and planted by early December. Since there is little natural light, it is necessary to additionally use artificial light. It is included no earlier than a week after the bulbs finally sprouted.

How to plant gladioli

Preparing bulbs and soil for planting

Whatever the decision about what month to grow gladioli in, when preparing the bulbs for planting, several conditions must be observed:

  1. A month before planting, you need to bring the material home.
  2. The bulbs of gladioli should be cleaned of scales. Sick bulbs are thrown away, but if the lesion is small, you can cut it out. The cut point is greased with brilliant green.
  3. Peeled bulbs should not be planted immediately. You need to hold them in boxes in the light until they germinate. After this, the sprouted corms are planted in a pot.

The soil before planting gladioli should be thoroughly prepared. A good choice of place and land is the key to successful cultivation of gladioli. What do we have to do?

  1. The place to choose is well-lit.
  2. Dig out and clean weeds for future crops from the fall. Digging depth about half a meter. In spring, you don’t need to be so zealous, you can dig it not so deep.
  3. Fertilizers such as phosphorus or potash can be added to the soil. Lime or dolomite flour is added to acidic soil. Peat mixed with sand is added to clay soil. You can fertilize gladiolus with humus, but you can’t add fresh organic matter, it harms the plant.
  4. Gladiolus can not be planted after root crops, as there may be a risk of infection with wireworms.
  5. Best of all, if on the site of the future planting of gladioli, melons, legumes, strawberries, and garlic grew earlier. Dahlias and zinnia are also safe neighbors, since they do not have common diseases with gladioli.

How to store gladioli

Planting bulbs

The optimal width of the beds is 1 m. Planting depth depends on the soil. The heavier the earth, the less deeply need to plant bulbs of gladioli. Smaller bulbs also need to be planted at a shallower depth. Usually, the depth varies from 8 to 15 cm.

In one row, the distance between landings is 15 cm, and between rows - 25 cm.

Before planting the bulbs, the groove should be well poured with water and cover the bottom with a layer of sand of 1 cm.

Gladioli feel good when planted in moss.

Moss has the ability to retain water, this will help to avoid overdrying plants in a drought.

Humus top dressing should be introduced when the seedlings grow at least 10 cm.

If all the conditions for planting are met, the soil is properly prepared, then the gladiolus will bloom at the right time and will give good bulbs for sowing next year.



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