How to plant juniper: secrets of reproduction


Juniper is a popular and decorative breed of shrubbery. The question of how to plant juniper is asked by many gardeners. Why did juniper become so popular? The answer lies in the unpretentiousness of the composition of the soil and changes in climate. This shrub perfectly tolerates low temperatures, periods of drought, it is photophilous. The various forms of the bush and the color of the needles are also attractive in juniper. Juniper has a light and pleasant aroma.

The main methods of propagation of this bush include:

  • cuttings;
  • propagation by seeds;
  • layering;
  • by dividing the bush.

Seed propagation method

How to grow juniper from seeds? The end of August - the first days of September - is the most suitable time for planting juniper seeds. This happens when the berries begin to ripen, at this point you need to collect juniper seeds. In some types of shrubs, flakes should be removed from the cones. The seeds themselves germinate for a very long time, about a year, so it is not recommended to sow them directly into the soil.

A film is lined in a wooden box in which holes are made to drain water. Soil sprinkles on top, into which the seeds are planted. Then the box must be buried in the soil so that its top is visible above the surface of the earth. In winter, snow will cover your seedlings and create a thermal effect. After spring, the box must be put in a warm place so that the seeds germinate. Sprouted sprouts can be transplanted to their place of permanent residence no earlier than in 2-3 years.

Juniper propagation by cuttings

Cutting method of reproduction

In order to preserve the varietal characteristics of the shrub, juniper is planted with the cuttings method. This method is time-consuming, but also the most effective. Cultivation should be carried out in the spring if last year’s lignified shoot is used, or in summer if this year’s shoot is used. It is best to choose a shoot that grows vertically and has a vertical crown shape.

The breeding technology is as follows:

  1. A box with holes for drainage is filled with peat and sand in a ratio of 3: 1 and buried in the ground in a shady place.
  2. Then the handle with pieces of bark comes off carefully.
  3. If there are branches on the handle, they need to be cut off. This will not allow new roots to form, and the needles will not decay. Do not worry, the cliffs will heal quickly due to the release of resin.
  4. Aeration of the cuttings is achieved by leaving needles on the top of the twig.
  5. In the prepared hole we plant the stalk vertically.
  6. Do not use foil for propagation by cuttings. It is poorly ventilated, which can lead to an increase in temperature and death of the cuttings.
  7. Observe the temperature and humidity levels. Suitable temperature is from 15 to 18 ° C. And after the buds have bloomed, the temperature is raised to 20 ° C. Provide the cuttings with moist soil.
  8. Several times a day, cuttings should be opened and sprayed with water.

Propagation by layering

Before fixing the lay, the soil near the bush should be loosened and mixed with sand or peat, then moistened thoroughly.

For this method, shoots are used that grow horizontally and closest to the ground. First you need to slightly scratch the bark of the shoot at the base of the layering, then plant the shoot in a previously prepared shallow hole. For powder use wet peat. The upper parts of the layers should be tied with pegs.

It is important to maintain a certain humidity in the place where the lay was planted.

You can lay a small piece of film and fix it. However, the ideal option would be to use moss. It is very important to cut the connection point of the layering with the mother plant throughout the rooting.

The rooting process itself lasts about a year. During this time, water and spud the bush. After you notice the emergence of new shoots, they should be separated and transplanted to a permanent ridge.

How to care for juniper

Division propagation

Only a young juniper bush can be grown by division. At the very beginning of May, the bush is spouted carefully. The lower part of the branches falls asleep, and subordinate roots form. Do not let the soil dry out in the summer.

At the end of summer, the bush is dug up. Branches that are rooted are separated from the old plant and are planted in containers. Provide drainage holes in these tanks to drain water. It is important to know that waterlogging of the soil leads to the death of juniper. It is recommended that new branches be planted in the ground with good sunlight. But this is done only in winter to better tolerate low temperatures. And in the spring, transplant the plant to a permanent place so that the root ball is not damaged.

There are solutions that allow the roots to grow faster. In such a solution, juniper branches should be placed for a day. For better root sprouting, honey with added water is also used. After planting the bush, do not forget to spray it with the Zircon solution, which is used to regulate growth and flowering.

Reproduction of juniper on the site involves several nuances. Many juniper varieties have a wonderful healing effect. Therefore, properly propagate this amazing plant and enjoy its beauty in your country house.



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