Gardeners of our country are well aware of the common bird cherry (Prúnus pádus), or carpal, which is a species of low trees or shrubs from the genus Plums of the Rosaceae family.
Bird cherry ordinary (carpal) - a type of low trees (or rather large and powerful shrubs) several meters high, with an elongated and dense crown. The bark is gray-black, without shine. Young shoots are olive or red-cherry in color.
The leaves are simple, of the next type, ovate-lanceolate or oblong-elliptical in shape, with a sharp point in the apical part and sharp serrated edges, located on the short petioles 1.5 cm long. Stipules are awl-shaped. At the base of the leaf plate is a pair of glands.
The flowers are white or pink, fragrant, collected in fairly long drooping dense brushes 10-12 cm in size. Five sepals and petals. The fruits are represented by spherical black drupes with a diameter of 0.8-1 cm. The flesh is sweetish, with pronounced astringent properties, green, in the air it turns dark purple. Berries contain round ovoid bones. The peak of flowering usually occurs in May-June, and fruit ripening - from July to the end of August.
Vegetative propagation, root shoots or cuttings, as well as seeds or self-sowing. Abundant flowering is observed every year, and yield indicators vary depending on flower damage by late spring frosts.
For decorative purposes, varieties of bird cherry are often cultivated, having colored leaves, flowers or fruits:
Of particular interest for home gardening is the Colorata variety and varieties close to it.
Bird cherry is an unpretentious plant with a fairly high yield. Breeders have bred productive, frost-resistant varieties that produce large and tasty berries with almost no astringency and viscosity.
|Red tent||Numerous||4.0-4.5 m high, with a wide, thick oval crown||Weight 0.6-0.7 g, with pulp of good taste||Suitable for single and group landings|
|Mavra||Annual and quite plentiful||With a wide pyramidal, fairly dense crown with drooping branches||Dark, shiny, relatively large||Annual, plentiful productivity|
|In memory of Solomatin||White fragrant flowers||Height 6-7 m, with a wide pyramidal crown of medium density||Large, almost non-astringent||High decorativeness. By mid-June, foliage turns bright purple|
|Dense||Medium, on shortened legs, flowers gathered in dense brushes||With sparse oval crown and drooping branches||Shiny, when ripe, change color from red-brown to black||High yield and excellent taste.|
|Late joy||Medium, white, short-stalked flowers||With a narrow, dense pyramidal crown||Shiny, when ripe, change color from brown to black||Annual abundant flowering and berry formation|
|Self-fertile||Flowers collected from inflorescences of thirty or more pieces||Powerful, self-fertile, up to 7 meters high, with a pyramidal crown||Weight 0.60-0.70 g. The surface is black. The pulp is green, sweet and sour, with a slight astringency||Productivity is high, about 10-20 kg per tree. Fruiting annual|
|Purple candle||Moderate, with flowers collected in small drooping brushes 10-14 cm long||With a narrow, thick pyramidal crown||Shiny, when ripe, change color from brown to black||By mid-summer, the foliage acquires a dark purple color, which persists until leaf fall|
|Siberian beauty||Moderate, with flowers collected in small drooping brushes 10-14 cm long||A plant up to seven meters high, with a dense pyramidal crown||Black, weighing 0.60-0.70 g, with excellent taste.||Suitable for single and alley plantings, landscape groups|
|Colorata||Pale pink almond-smelling flowers gathered in plentiful drooping brushes||Up to 5 m tall, with copper-purple or purple leaves that then turn green||Shiny, black, spherical in shape, with astringent pulp. Ripen in late July or August||Differs in high winter hardiness, but can be damaged by spring return frosts|
The superficial, powerful enough, well-developed root system of bird cherry ordinary allows it to easily tolerate dry periods. The plant is able to ennoble and well drain the soil on the site. With high-lying groundwater, the root system quickly absorbs all excess moisture, and foliage falling from bird cherry in the fall contributes to a noticeable decrease in soil acidity and increased fertility.
When planting, some botanical features of this decorative berry culture should be taken into account:
It is important to remember that for the decorative forms of bird cherry, good lighting is very important; with significant shading, plants can quickly lose their decorative effect.
Proper care contributes to the high yield of bird cherry and the preservation of its decorative effect. Ornamental varieties are especially in need of watering during the dry season. It is also very important to carry out the timely formation of the crown in order to prevent plant thickening. Slices should be treated with garden var. To rejuvenate and increase yield, it is recommended to carry out a systematic cutting of the crop.