Cherry tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum var. Cerasiforme) are often found in markets and in shops where they are side by side with arugula and asparagus. However, nothing prevents you from growing the presented type of tomato at home.
The homeland of cherry tomatoes is Latin America. In the climatic conditions of Russia, tomato also grows well, but only with proper care. Cherry is not as productive as more traditional tomatoes, but much more nutritious. If large-fruited varieties contain 4% dry matter and sugars, then cherry - as much as 12%. This makes it possible to prepare sweet sauces, pasta and juice from them.
Cherry tomatoes can be grown outdoors. The best varieties for this type of cultivation are:
Cherry can be grown at home on the windowsill. Most often, hybrids are used for this purpose:
One of the great benefits of cherry is that they can be grown on the windowsill, however, they give a good harvest only with careful care.
Seeds must be kept in water at room temperature for 24 hours before sowing. You can add a growth stimulator to the water, and soak the seeds before soaking in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 5 minutes. However, if you are confident in the quality of the seeds, you can skip this step and immediately start sowing.
Soil for cherry is prepared from equal parts of peat, humus and soddy soil. You can add charcoal to the mixture at the rate of 200 g per 10 kg of soil, or mineral fertilizer. In order for the seeds to sprout faster, the soil must be shed with warm water before planting.
Seeds are planted in the ground (in boxes or glasses) shallow, covered with a film. After the appearance of the first shoots, the film can be removed.
It is necessary to carefully consider the choice of pots for subsequent planting of tomatoes. The growth of the cherry depends entirely on the state of the root system, so the depth of the pots should be about 14-18 cm, and the width should be up to 22 cm. It is important that the plants receive enough light and heat, so the wide window sill and warm loggia are optimal for growing places.
Caring for your home requires some rules.
Cherry tomatoes can be grown at home year-round. Thanks to this, you will always have fresh sweet tomatoes on the table. Harvesting fruits is recommended when they become brown: this will speed up the ripening of the next crop. If the weather is cloudy for a long time, tomatoes require additional lighting.
In open ground, cherry trees are grown in much the same way as traditional tomatoes. But with some differences.
Only reliable seed material can be planted in open ground. If you purchased it in a store, first check the seeds for germination: add 10 g of salt to a container of water and immerse the seeds there. Those that pop up are not suitable for landing. Rinse the rest with clean water.
To seedlings are not sick, it is necessary to disinfect the seeds in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour. Then they need to be washed and dried.
The proper soil preparation determines how good the crop will be. The soil mixture for cherry should consist of equal parts of peat, humus and sawdust. Also, complex fertilizer is introduced into it. Then the soil is treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.
Sowing seedlings is carried out in early April: the seeds are planted in moist soil, in 10-mm grooves, then lightly sprinkled with soil and covered with a film.
Planting in open ground is possible only after the appearance of at least one good leaf on the plant, that is, approximately on the 70th day. Holes measuring 15x15 cm are dug in the ground to the depth of a bayonet bayonet. Bushes are planted in a checkerboard pattern.
Cherry tomatoes are very fond of warmth. During the day, for good growth, they need an air temperature of about +23 ° C, and at night - about 16 ° C. Otherwise, the fruit will form slowly, and the pollen may become sterile.
Cherry tomatoes need moderate watering: they are able to independently extract moisture from the soil. Optimal will be irrigation a couple of times a week. If the weather is hot, watering is done as the soil dries.
To prevent diseases, tomato seedlings immediately after planting are treated with copper chloride at the rate of 30 g of substance per 10 l of water.
Cherry tomatoes require tying. To do this, three-meter stakes are driven near them to a depth of 50 cm. A cord is stretched between the stakes at a 30-centimeter height, to which the plants are tied. Garter repeats as the bushes grow - already at a higher height. When the tomato reaches a height of 2.2 meters, the procedure can be stopped.
As you can see, cherry tomatoes can be grown independently without any difficulty - both at home and in the open ground. They are very tasty, healthy and at the same time quite unpretentious. The main thing is to properly prepare the soil, observe the irrigation regime and timely tie up the plants.