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The characterization and description of the most popular forest mushrooms is known to most mushroom pickers. There are rare species that are collected exclusively by experienced mushroom pickers. Such mushrooms include row mushrooms.
Ryadovka or Tricholoma, from the Latin Tricholoma, is a fairly common lamellar ground fungus from the Ryadovkov family. May have a dyed or white hat. Young rowers have hemispherical and convex hats, while older specimens have a flat and open hat with uneven edges.
The surface of the cap may be fibrous or scaly type, depending on the type of fungus. The plates grow to the stem or are located freely. The leg has sufficient density. A slightly pronounced annular film blanket may be observed. The field definition of rowing is very difficult because of the external variety of these mushrooms, even in the picture they are depicted in different ways. It should be remembered that the genus includes toxic and inedible species.
In total, the genus includes about a hundred species. On the territory of our country, and in particular in the Crimea, grows no more than fifty species. There are both autumn and spring varieties of rowing. The number of edible and inedible species is almost the same, so when picking mushroom pickers should be extremely careful.
|Top category||Edible||Conditionally edible||Inedible||Toxic and poisonous|
|Matsutake or Matsutake||Scaly or Atrosquamosum||Silver|
|Carved or Sculpturatum|
|Earthy Gray or Terreum|
It is very easy to get confused in the numerous types of rows of novice mushroom pickers, new to this variety of mushrooms. The following species are among the most common in our forests:
The remaining varieties of edible and conditionally edible rows are found on the territory of our country relatively rarely, therefore, domestic mushroom pickers are little known.
Inedible and poisonous mushrooms often cause not only severe poisoning, but also deaths when eaten. On the territory of our country, several types of poisonous rowans grow, which must be well known in order not to be confused with edible mushrooms.
|Title||Latin name||Habitat||Description||Fruiting period|
|Poisonous Leopard or Tiger||Tricholoma pardinum||It grows in the middle lane of our country, but is quite rare. Usually, the mushroom can be seen on calcareous soils under trees, in clearings and forest edges.||Adult fruiting bodies are able to form the so-called "witch circles". The hat of young specimens is dense and fleshy, spherical, with age it becomes flat with curled edges. Flakey flakes are located on the surface, and numerous cracking is also observed. Pulp with sufficient density, off-white staining||Mass fruiting occurs in the period from mid-August to the onset of significant cooling|
|Pointy||Virgatum||Raw conifers and deciduous forests||The hat is bell-shaped, conical or convex, ash-colored with stripes at the edges. The flesh is soft, grayish-white or whitish. The leg is cylindrical, dense, with a thickening at the base||September to October|
|Soapy||Saponaceum||Conifers, deciduous or mixed forests||The hat is round, bell-shaped or flat-convex, pressed in the center, with thin edges. The surface is smooth or finely scaly, gray-brown or reddish-brown. The flesh of white staining, reddening in the air. Elongated root leg, covered with olive-gray or blackish scaly coating||From August to the last decade of September|
|Speckled||Pessundatum||Raw conifers||The hat is reddish-brown or rusty-brown, with bright edges. Surface with spots, mucous type. Pulp of white coloring. Powdery leg||From August to the last decade of September|
|Scaly||Imbricatum||Spruce||The hat is flat-convex, with curled edges and a finely scaly surface. The surface is tan. Pulp of white coloring. Cylindrical Leg||From August to the last ten days of September|
Mushroom blockage for the winter in our country is very popular. You can close both lamellar and tubular edible mushrooms. Ridovniki are most often salted. In order to preserve the collected mushrooms correctly, the following recommendations must be observed:
Mushrooms prepared using this technology are ready for use in a couple of weeks. Rowing can also be fried or boiled. Some varieties are used in medicine, being the main raw material for the manufacture of antibiotics.