Damiana grass, or turner sprawling (Turner diffusa), is a low-growing shrub with an aerial part height of up to 50-60 cm. It belongs to the Turner family and the Turner family. The plant is quite widespread in warm regions.
The very first description of the botanical properties and characteristics of damiana were given almost two centuries ago by the Austrian botanist J.A. Schult. In accordance with this description, a low shrub plant has a height of just over half a meter. The aerial part is represented by reddish-brown branches. Leaves of the next type, with quite pronounced teeth along the edges. The length of the leaves varies between 10-25 cm. At the base of the leaf plate is a pair of small tubercles or the so-called nectar glands.
Large-sized flowers, with a five-toothed cup and five petals, which are twisted spiral in the bud. After flowering, small bolls are formed, filled with seeds, the surface of which has a mesh-pitted appearance. Damiana is characterized by a very pleasant aroma and taste, therefore, it has been widely used in flavored teas and liquors, as well as aromatic extracts from the plant.
According to numerous studies, the alkaloid ephedrine is completely absent in the plant, and chemical composition is presented:
The foliage of the plant contains about 0.2-0.9% of essential oils, about 6.0-8.0% of hard brown and soft resin, within 3% of tannin and 6.0% of starchy substances. A sufficient amount of caffeine was noted in the stem portion.
For therapeutic purposes, only the aerial part of the plant is widely used, or rather leaves that have useful properties due to the high content of various chemical components. Turner-based products are used:
The chemical components that make up the medicinal herb have thermogenic activity, which contributes to a significant acceleration of metabolic processes and causes intense fat burning. Also medicines relieve stress and anxiety well, help with nervousness, and also effectively improve psycho-emotional tone and increase sexual desire. It is widely used in the treatment of asthma and bronchitis, chronic cough, constipation, exhaustion, headaches and decreased levels of estrogen in women.
In our country, the homeopathic remedy "Damiana-plus" is well known, which helps fight chronic prostatitis accompanying impotence. A dosage form produced in granular form is recommended for use by the sublingual method, by resorption of the drug until completely dissolved. It is consumed thirty minutes before a meal in the amount of eight granules three times a day.
The medicine in the form of drops is intended for internal consumption. It is used in the amount of eight drops, previously dissolved in half a glass of boiled water at room temperature. The general course of treatment is a couple of months. Before use, it is strongly recommended that you consult a doctor. The main side effects that occur as a response to the use of a homeopathic remedy are represented by some allergic reactions.
In alternative medicine, self-preparation of medicines and medicinal products based on damiana is allowed. Especially popular are alcohol tinctures, which are consumed in half a teaspoon no more than three times a day. For preparation, it is necessary to soak 28 g of the leaves of a medicinal plant in half a liter of quality vodka or rum. Infuse the solution should be about five days in a cool roomand then the resulting tincture is filtered through a standard coffee filter or a multilayer pharmacy gauze.
A fully prepared alcoholic infusion must be refrigerated, and the foliage remaining after filtering is again soaked in a half glass of distilled water for about five days, after which the water infusion is also carefully filtered. A small amount of flower honey is added to the infusion, after which the solution warms up over low heat and cools at room temperature. At the final stage, the alcohol and water parts of the drug are mixed.
Useful plant material grows on rocky slopes in southern Texas, as well as in California and central America. The largest region in which damiana is cultivated is northern Mexico. and the territory of almost all of California, where such grass is harvested on an industrial scale. All collected plant materials are very actively used in the treatment of certain diseases, and also used for culinary purposes.
Harvesting of plant materials is carried out at the stage of active flowering, when the maximum amount of aromatic components and nutrients is accumulated in the plant. The grass is carefully torn off, and then carefully sorted in order to remove all sick or dry specimens. The plants selected for harvesting are laid out in a fairly well-ventilated place and dried for several days. Fully dried vegetable raw materials are packed in cloth bags and put away for storage in a ventilated room.
The main and complete contraindication to the use of plant medicinal raw materials represented by damian grass is diabetes and hypoglycemia. This feature is associated with the ability of the plant to have a significant effect on blood sugar.
Side effects can be represented by headaches, insomnia, hallucinations and impaired liver function. Sometimes there is a negative effect on the absorption of iron. Among other things, it must be remembered that medicines based on such a plant are completely incompatible with Glimepiride, Gliburidoi, Insulin, Pioglitazone, Rosiglitazone, Chlorpropamide, Glipizid and Tolbutamide.