Lungwort (Pulmonaria) is considered a perennial herb that belongs to the family of gallows. It belongs to the earliest and most valuable honey plants; in its natural habitat, about ten of its species grow. Currently, breeders have managed to develop a large number of hybrid varieties of Lungwort, which adorn garden plots with dignity, possessing very decorative colored leaves. Some natural plant species are endowed with a wide range of medicinal properties.
Lungwort officinalis (Pulmonaria officinalis) is a herbaceous perennial that grows from ten to thirty centimeters. It is characterized by erect stems, completely covered with thick, hard pubescence. The bright green foliage is interspersed with white or greenish-white color, velvety surface and is located on curved petioles. Its shape can be ovoid or lanceolate, and the length can reach fifteen centimeters. The flowers of the plant are collected in inflorescences, curls at the top of peduncles. An interesting feature is that initially they have a pink color, which gradually turns purple, and by the end of flowering acquires blue hues. Medunica medicinal blooms from early April to late May. Its fruits look like smooth, shiny nuts.
The plant likes to settle in cool, shaded places with loose sandy loam soil or loam. Wherein tolerates very high air temperatures and acidic soil. Its natural places of growth are broad-leaved and coniferous forests of many countries of Central and Eastern Europe. On the territory of our country it can be found in the Caucasus, in Siberia and in the vicinity of Kaliningrad. Lungwort has a large number of folk names. Her name is: pulmonary grass, throat, water springs, pulmonary root, medunka, spotted grass, forest spear, steamed and bear grass, sapwood, undergrowth, oxen tongue and Jerusalem primrose. Like the Lungwort is unclear, this species has many medicinal properties and is widely used in traditional medicine.
Lungworm obscure or dark (Pulmonaria obscura Dum) is an attractive perennial with powerful brown rhizomes. On its ribbed, slightly bent stems from twenty to thirty centimeters high, there is a small green foliage of oblong shape with a uniform surface. Bell flowers, as well as in other species of Lungwort, gather at the tops of peduncles in inflorescences-curls. Their color can be white, lilac or purple. Flowering begins at the very beginning of spring before the appearance of foliage. All parts of the plant are covered with harsh hairs. The fruit nuts of the plant contain four seeds.
The chemical composition of this plant includes a large number of vitamins, macro- and microelements and other useful substances (flavonoids, anthocyanins, tannins, saponins and others). Thanks to them, the medunica is unclear and medicinal known for its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, diuretic, hemostatic, enveloping, wound healing, softening and regulating the work of various organs and normalizing metabolic processes properties.
At the same time, to saturate the body with vital substances, the foliage of the Lungwort is unclear, as well as medicinal, along with the stems are added to various salads, soups and side dishes. In addition, they make blanks for the winter, salted and frozen. Possessing a sweet taste and pleasant aroma, Lungwort officinalis gives dishes a special originality. The same qualities have another species of this plant - soft lollipop (Pulmonaria mollis).
For the treatment of various diseases with the help of some types of medunka, all parts of the plant are used. But, in order for them to really give the effect that is expected of them, you need to first learn how to properly harvest and store them. You should also know that this the plant is in the Red Book, therefore, you need to handle it as carefully as possible.
Foliage and shoots should be collected during the formation of buds or at the very beginning of flowering. The stems are cut to the root and collected in small bunches. After that, they are hung in shaded, well-ventilated areas. You can arrange the shoots with leaves on sheets of clean paper, the layer should be very thin. The best option would be to use a special dryer, in which the raw materials are brought to readiness by heating to no more than forty degrees.
Lungwort roots need to be dug up after flowering and seed maturation. They need to be dug carefully, cleaned of soil and washed well. After that, they must be cut into small parts and dried as well as the ground part. When all the raw materials are ready, they grind it, the roots can be ground into powder, for example, using a coffee grinder. Then you need to decompose the prepared honeyfish into bags of cloth or paper and send them to a dark, cool and dry place. It should be stored for no more than two years, since in the future its medicinal qualities are lost.
Traditional medicine widely uses tincture, broth, fresh juice, dry powder and ointment, made on the basis of Lungwort.
Due to the fact that the effect of this plant on women during pregnancy is still poorly studied, you should not take it at this time without special need, and, especially, without consulting a specialist. It is necessary to refrain from treatment with its use and while breastfeeding.
In the presence of a huge number of medicinal properties of the Lungwort, which have been used for many centuries, like many medicinal plants, it has a number of contraindications. It is not recommended for the treatment of children under three years of age. Compounds with its use can not be used for:
Medunka is a fairly unpretentious plant that does not require special care. Therefore, in order to prepare it, it is not necessary to go to the forest and look for its meta habitat for long hours. You can just plant it in your garden. In this case, you can not only make stocks of high-quality medicinal raw materials, but also throughout the entire vegetative period, have at hand an excellent source of vitamins and other useful substances that this herb serves. In addition, quite attractive first spring bouquets are obtained from it.