Tulip-shaped geranium: the best varieties and rules for growing from seeds


Geraniums are actively grown at home by many lovers of flowering indoor plants. Pelargonium fell in love with its decorative effect, and tulip-shaped pelargonium is a plant in which during flowering inflorescences appear, the flowers in which look like small tulips. Therefore, the word "tulip" or "tulip" is present in the name of this type of geranium.

Sometimes tulip-shaped pelargonium is confused with rose-shaped geraniums. But rosaceous pelargonium is distinguished by more lush and double flowers, collected in large inflorescences.

Biological Description of Tulip Geranium

This variety of geranium was bred about half a century ago in the United States of America. in the nursery of the breeder family Andrea. Why is the tulip-shaped geranium so unusual? It turns out that the flowers of this variety are similar in shape to small tulips, which for the entire time of their flowering remain unopened to the end.

Flowers on this type of geranium do not grow one at a time, but are collected in inflorescences. Based on this variety, Andrea breeders created several other similar new varieties of tulip-shaped geraniums. Most of the bred varieties they named after their beloved women.

In Europe, these varieties of pelargonium appeared two decades after their breeding. These flowers almost immediately attracted the attention of flower growers, began to gain popularity on the European continent, but at the same time served as an occasion for debate.

Unfortunately, these varieties of pelargonium are very difficult to select, because they have a peculiar structure of flowers and inflorescences, and pistils and stamens are difficult to access. Therefore, breeders managed to bring out in about half a century only about twenty varieties of these beautiful indoor flowers.

Many experts believe that the first variety of tulip-shaped pelargonium was not born thanks to the efforts of breeders, but because of the random mutation of pelargonium varieties with flat pestles.

All varieties of tulip-shaped pelargonium differ in appearance and size. There are tall specimens of such pelargoniums, in which the stalk height can reach 0.8 m, but there are also miniature tulip-shaped pelargoniums that seem to be real dwarfs.

These varieties differ among themselves in the speed of growth, color, shape of the flowers, as well as the number of petals in each of the flowers of the inflorescence. Each corolla can contain up to 9 petals, the shape of which can be round, even or jagged at the tips. The inner part of the flowers is painted more intensely than the outer. Each inflorescence contains from 22 to 40 half-opened flowers.

Growing geraniums

The shape of the flowers can be oval, like an egg, elongated, like a glass. The color of the flowers of the pelargonium is tulip-shaped, and the foliage is elongated bright emerald color.

Due to the fact that this plant is extremely thermophilic, it is not possible to grow it in open ground in our country.

The best varieties of pelargonium tulip

Grade name

Inflorescence shape

Foliage shape

Bushes size

Pelargonium Helma

Inflorescences are large, in which up to 40 orange-red tulips are found

The foliage is pale green, slightly carved.

The dwarfish variety

Conny

Neat oblong flowers of bright red color

Foliage carved, emerald color, velvety

The variety is dwarf, small in height and width

Tmma fran bengtsbo

Elongated pinkish white flowers

Leaves are elongated, pale green, slightly curled up

The grade is high, up to 0.8 m high, bushy enough

Patricia Andrea

The flowers are in the form of a small tulip, red-pink hue

The foliage is shiny, dark emerald color, the edges are carved

Variety of standard sizes in height and width

Red pandora

The flowers are bright pink with red veins, lush inflorescences

Foliage of juicy emerald color, velvety

The variety is medium sized but responsive to top dressing

Growing pelargonium Herma, Marbask, Patricia Andrea from seeds

Growing pelargonium from seeds is quite difficult. However, even beginner growers can get healthy seedlings of geraniums if they follow certain rules exactly.

The basic rules for growing pelargonium from seeds:

  • first you need to rub the seeds with an emery stone, or hold the tip of a knife along their surface;
  • before planting, the seed is treated with epinine or another similar preparation, then hold it for 1/3 hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, rinse and then soak in warm water for 180 minutes;
  • the containers into which the seeds will be planted are filled with a special mixture consisting of 2 parts of turf and 1 part of sand and peat. It is this mixture that is best suited for growing geranium seedlings;
  • the seeds are placed in the soil at a distance of about 5 cm from each other, they are sprinkled on top with the rest of the mixture and covered with polyethylene containers to create a greenhouse effect inside. The soil is regularly sprayed (it is best to use a spray gun). It is necessary to ensure that the earth does not dry out;
  • with the right temperature and humidity conditions, the first seedlings will appear within 12-14 days;
  • You can transplant grown seedlings if at least 2 permanent leaves have appeared on it. You should not wait for the sprouts to grow strongly, since in this case the root system of seedlings will grow and intertwine greatly. In this case, when transplanting, the roots will be severely injured, and the plants will be very sick.

However, it is much easier to plant tulargoid pelargonium, like other types of geranium, by cuttings. Usually, in the last days of August, cuttings from the top are cut off from these plants and placed in room temperature water. These seedlings quickly give root. Saplings with roots are planted in a moist mixture, which in its composition is the same as for adult flowers. Planted cuttings should be placed in a sunny, bright place.

How to get quality seeds or an adult plant

You can purchase high-quality planting material or an adult plant in specialized stores or order on the Internet. However, in the latter case, it is better to contact trusted companies, otherwise you can get low-quality planting material.

You can order quality seeds by mail not only in Russia but also from Ukraine. There are also companies that deal with such mailings.

You can purchase cuttings, seeds or an adult plant from familiar flower growers who are involved in the propagation of tulip-shaped pelargonium. In this case, it will be seen which kind of geranium is purchased.

Features of care for geraniums

If the grower is not careful about the basic tips for caring for tulip-like species of geranium, then the plant is likely to degenerate over time and become a common variety. In this case, during flowering, the flowers will open completely, and the tulip-like inflorescences will lose their original appearance.

The requirements that need to be fulfilled are uncomplicated, even a novice lover of indoor plants can cope with the care of these beautiful flowers. If the necessary attention is paid to these plants, then pelargoniums grow and bloom perfectly, delighting the owners with their appearance.

Requirements for soil, temperature, humidity, lighting

Soil for planting tulip-shaped pelargonium can be purchased at a specialized store. However, many lovers of indoor flowers prepare this mixture on their own. It usually consists of:

  • 2 parts of turf land;
  • 1 part peat;
  • 1 part of river sand.

Expanded clay should be put at the bottom of the container so that there is no stagnation of water in the container. After all, it is excess moisture in the soil that is harmful to this plant.

Pelargonium, like its seedlings, is very sensitive to a lack of sunlight. Therefore, the plant should be in a sunny place throughout the year. In winter, when daylight hours are small enough, you need to take care of additional lighting for this type of geranium. If there is sufficient lighting in the winter, flowers often appear on the pelargonium.

Important! If the tulip-shaped pelargonium is extended, becomes weaker, and the leaves become lighter than usual, then this indicates a lack of light for this indoor plant.

The temperature in the summer should be maintained within 21-25 ° C, and in the winter - a few degrees less. In winter, the plant must be cleaned away from heating appliances, since dry air from them is harmful to the plant.

Feeding scheme

Top dressing is usually carried out in the spring and summer, using liquid mineral fertilizers for this. In spring and early summer, these fertilizers include nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. When pelargonium begins to bloom, then nitrogen should be excluded, or its amount in fertilizer should be minimized to prevent excessive growth of the vegetative mass to the detriment of flowering.

Pelargonium is usually fed as follows:

  • complex mineral fertilizer, including N, K, P, in the spring, during the period of active growth of the vegetative mass, apply twice with an interval of two weeksand;
  • when inflorescences begin to appear, fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium are introduced into the soil;
  • after the geranium has faded, you should once again feed the plant with a complex fertilizer containing phosphorus and potassium.

Features of watering

In summer, especially if the weather is hot, pelargonium should be watered every two days, avoiding stagnation of moisture in the soil. In winter, watering is less common, but you should not allow the soil to dry in the container at any time of the year.

What is needed for flowering

In order for the plant to bloom regularly throughout the season, the following procedures must be carried out:

  • the plant must be regularly inspected and pruned by beginners to wither and dry the flowers. In this case, new flowers bloom faster;
  • completely blossomed flowers in the inflorescence must be removed immediately;
  • Pelargonium cannot be kept in a draft. Also, it must be protected from gusts of cold wind, especially during flowering.

Disease and Pest Prevention

Pelargonium can usually be damaged by rust, gray rot, and pests are most often attacked by whiteflies, spider mites and mealybugs.

It is usually possible to understand that a plant is sick by its appearance:

  • rust appears on the foliage - a white coating in the form of circles;
  • gray rot can be recognized by gray spots appearing on the back of the foliage;
  • if the plant freezes, then its stems and leaves acquire a reddish tint.

Sick parts of the plant must be immediately cut off so that the disease does not spread to healthy leaves.

Although tulip-shaped pelargonium requires more attention than other varieties of geranium and other indoor plants, its high decorativeness, beautiful and abundant flowering justify the efforts of gardeners.

How to form a geranium

Huge caps of small tulips look great, so this flower is gaining more and more fans.



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