Geraniums are actively grown at home by many lovers of flowering indoor plants. Pelargonium fell in love with its decorative effect, and tulip-shaped pelargonium is a plant in which during flowering inflorescences appear, the flowers in which look like small tulips. Therefore, the word "tulip" or "tulip" is present in the name of this type of geranium.
Sometimes tulip-shaped pelargonium is confused with rose-shaped geraniums. But rosaceous pelargonium is distinguished by more lush and double flowers, collected in large inflorescences.
This variety of geranium was bred about half a century ago in the United States of America. in the nursery of the breeder family Andrea. Why is the tulip-shaped geranium so unusual? It turns out that the flowers of this variety are similar in shape to small tulips, which for the entire time of their flowering remain unopened to the end.
Flowers on this type of geranium do not grow one at a time, but are collected in inflorescences. Based on this variety, Andrea breeders created several other similar new varieties of tulip-shaped geraniums. Most of the bred varieties they named after their beloved women.
In Europe, these varieties of pelargonium appeared two decades after their breeding. These flowers almost immediately attracted the attention of flower growers, began to gain popularity on the European continent, but at the same time served as an occasion for debate.
Unfortunately, these varieties of pelargonium are very difficult to select, because they have a peculiar structure of flowers and inflorescences, and pistils and stamens are difficult to access. Therefore, breeders managed to bring out in about half a century only about twenty varieties of these beautiful indoor flowers.
Many experts believe that the first variety of tulip-shaped pelargonium was not born thanks to the efforts of breeders, but because of the random mutation of pelargonium varieties with flat pestles.
All varieties of tulip-shaped pelargonium differ in appearance and size. There are tall specimens of such pelargoniums, in which the stalk height can reach 0.8 m, but there are also miniature tulip-shaped pelargoniums that seem to be real dwarfs.
These varieties differ among themselves in the speed of growth, color, shape of the flowers, as well as the number of petals in each of the flowers of the inflorescence. Each corolla can contain up to 9 petals, the shape of which can be round, even or jagged at the tips. The inner part of the flowers is painted more intensely than the outer. Each inflorescence contains from 22 to 40 half-opened flowers.
The shape of the flowers can be oval, like an egg, elongated, like a glass. The color of the flowers of the pelargonium is tulip-shaped, and the foliage is elongated bright emerald color.
Due to the fact that this plant is extremely thermophilic, it is not possible to grow it in open ground in our country.
Inflorescences are large, in which up to 40 orange-red tulips are found
The foliage is pale green, slightly carved.
The dwarfish variety
Neat oblong flowers of bright red color
Foliage carved, emerald color, velvety
The variety is dwarf, small in height and width
Tmma fran bengtsbo
Elongated pinkish white flowers
Leaves are elongated, pale green, slightly curled up
The grade is high, up to 0.8 m high, bushy enough
The flowers are in the form of a small tulip, red-pink hue
The foliage is shiny, dark emerald color, the edges are carved
Variety of standard sizes in height and width
The flowers are bright pink with red veins, lush inflorescences
Foliage of juicy emerald color, velvety
The variety is medium sized but responsive to top dressing
Growing pelargonium from seeds is quite difficult. However, even beginner growers can get healthy seedlings of geraniums if they follow certain rules exactly.
The basic rules for growing pelargonium from seeds:
However, it is much easier to plant tulargoid pelargonium, like other types of geranium, by cuttings. Usually, in the last days of August, cuttings from the top are cut off from these plants and placed in room temperature water. These seedlings quickly give root. Saplings with roots are planted in a moist mixture, which in its composition is the same as for adult flowers. Planted cuttings should be placed in a sunny, bright place.
You can purchase high-quality planting material or an adult plant in specialized stores or order on the Internet. However, in the latter case, it is better to contact trusted companies, otherwise you can get low-quality planting material.
You can order quality seeds by mail not only in Russia but also from Ukraine. There are also companies that deal with such mailings.
You can purchase cuttings, seeds or an adult plant from familiar flower growers who are involved in the propagation of tulip-shaped pelargonium. In this case, it will be seen which kind of geranium is purchased.
If the grower is not careful about the basic tips for caring for tulip-like species of geranium, then the plant is likely to degenerate over time and become a common variety. In this case, during flowering, the flowers will open completely, and the tulip-like inflorescences will lose their original appearance.
The requirements that need to be fulfilled are uncomplicated, even a novice lover of indoor plants can cope with the care of these beautiful flowers. If the necessary attention is paid to these plants, then pelargoniums grow and bloom perfectly, delighting the owners with their appearance.
Soil for planting tulip-shaped pelargonium can be purchased at a specialized store. However, many lovers of indoor flowers prepare this mixture on their own. It usually consists of:
Expanded clay should be put at the bottom of the container so that there is no stagnation of water in the container. After all, it is excess moisture in the soil that is harmful to this plant.
Pelargonium, like its seedlings, is very sensitive to a lack of sunlight. Therefore, the plant should be in a sunny place throughout the year. In winter, when daylight hours are small enough, you need to take care of additional lighting for this type of geranium. If there is sufficient lighting in the winter, flowers often appear on the pelargonium.
Important! If the tulip-shaped pelargonium is extended, becomes weaker, and the leaves become lighter than usual, then this indicates a lack of light for this indoor plant.
The temperature in the summer should be maintained within 21-25 ° C, and in the winter - a few degrees less. In winter, the plant must be cleaned away from heating appliances, since dry air from them is harmful to the plant.
Top dressing is usually carried out in the spring and summer, using liquid mineral fertilizers for this. In spring and early summer, these fertilizers include nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. When pelargonium begins to bloom, then nitrogen should be excluded, or its amount in fertilizer should be minimized to prevent excessive growth of the vegetative mass to the detriment of flowering.
Pelargonium is usually fed as follows:
In summer, especially if the weather is hot, pelargonium should be watered every two days, avoiding stagnation of moisture in the soil. In winter, watering is less common, but you should not allow the soil to dry in the container at any time of the year.
In order for the plant to bloom regularly throughout the season, the following procedures must be carried out:
Pelargonium can usually be damaged by rust, gray rot, and pests are most often attacked by whiteflies, spider mites and mealybugs.
It is usually possible to understand that a plant is sick by its appearance:
Sick parts of the plant must be immediately cut off so that the disease does not spread to healthy leaves.
Although tulip-shaped pelargonium requires more attention than other varieties of geranium and other indoor plants, its high decorativeness, beautiful and abundant flowering justify the efforts of gardeners.
Huge caps of small tulips look great, so this flower is gaining more and more fans.