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Hippeastrum is a grassy bulbous perennial. The varieties of hippeastrum are quite diverse due to the selection of this bright and beautiful plant.
Having a wild origin, today this flower can be found in almost any home and store. The homeland of hippeastrum is the hot tropics, they are mainly distributed in Latin and Central America. For the most part, this plant blooms 2 times a year. The root of this plant is a bulb of round or conical shape, very similar to all the narcissus known in the Russian regions. The size of the bulb reaches 10 cm in diameter.
Due to the possibility of crossing between different species, a large number of hippeastrum species were bred. The life of this plant lasts up to 10 years. However, it is precisely because of the selection origin that it is almost impossible to propagate with the help of a bulb. Basically, reproduction is carried out using seeds that are collected from the box. A box with seeds is formed on the site of each flower, over time it opens. It is after the opening that you can collect seeds and sow a new plant.
Hippeastrum has no special care requirements. He is quite unpretentious. To grow this beautiful flower, plant a bulb or sow seeds. Several inflorescences can sprout from one bulb. Their number depends on how many leaves are formed on the stem. From the leaves, you can also predict how many buds will grow next year.
In order to get a beautiful and large bud, the plant must be provided with a full rest period in a dark, dry and cool place. The rest period should last at least 8 weeks.
To awaken, the plant is first transferred to a warm place. Lighting during this period should not be too bright, and watering should be increased to moderate. If you move the hippeastrum from a dark place immediately to a bright place and actively water it, it will stimulate the development of the green mass of the plant, and the bud will turn out to be small, or it will not start at all.
For planting bulbs, narrow and high pots are used. However, it should be remembered that the leaves of the plant are quite heavy, and the stability of the pot must be sufficient so that the flower does not fall.
It is mandatory to use drainage to prevent root decay. Soil should in equal parts consist of sand, turf land, humus or peat.
The bulb is lowered into the ground at 2/3 of the height. If there are visual problem areas, they are carefully cut. You can process such an onion with green stuff, and then let it dry and lie down for 24 hours.
An adult bulb should be transplanted once every 4 years before or immediately after a dormant period.
Watering must be combined top and into the pan, to prevent decay of the roots and bulbs.
In total, there are about 90 species of this beautiful plant. They are distinguished by the shape and color of the bud and flower. Some varieties of hippeastrum are grown in flower beds, and some are bred as a houseplant.
The bulk of the leaves has a dark green color, fleshy shape. The flower of each species is special, characterized by bewitching beauty.
There are many methods to catalog hippeastrum:
Some countries have added their classification. So, in Holland they were divided by the shape and size of the flower into large-flowered, medium-flowered and small-flowered. In South Africa, they used a music catalog. There, the subspecies were called Symphony, Sonata, Sonatini and Solo. In the Japanese classification, the division occurred into medium-flowered, large-flowered, miniature and subminiature ones.
Today, in our country, the division has finally formed into 9 groups: large-flowered, medium-flowered, small-flowered, 3 terry groups with different bud sizes, sibists, orchid-like and tubular hybrids. It is almost impossible to understand such an abundance, therefore, looking at the catalog of the hippeastrum, carefully examine what the bud and the blossoming flower look like, only after that you can safely choose one or another type of this plant.
One of the most tender is considered a species called the hippeastrum Lady Jane (photo 1). The diameter of the flowers reaches 20 cm. They are painted in a peach color with yellowish-pink central veins. The shape of the petals of Lady Jane is slightly corrugated, the edges are wavy.
Barbados is rightfully considered one of the most striking representatives of this plant (photo 2). The flowers of this variety of hippeastrum have a red-burgundy color with white central lines. Inside the bud, you can observe up to 6 curved pistils.
Leopold's hippeastrium has sternate leaves (photo 3). The flower is red, at the ends it goes white.
Papilio Butterfly has a more elongated bulb than other species. This variety got its name because of the shape of the flower - they resemble butterflies of creamy white or yellow-green color. The center of each petal is decorated with a bright raspberry stripe.
The spotted variety is distinguished by the presence of small red spots on the petals. Primary colors can be white-green and creamy cream with a mandatory reddish tint.
One of the fairly large representatives is the Parrot (photo 4). A plant of this species can reach 90 cm in height. The coloring is very picturesque, as the name indicates, is an alternation of white and cherry stripes, the tops of the petals are bright red.
Royal - a type of low plant. The color of the petals is red with a greenish pharynx in the form of an asterisk. The ends of the petals are very pointed.
Mesh look grows up to 50 cm in height, green lanceolate sheets with a white stripe in the middle. Petals of fairly large flowers are pink or red with darker streaks that stand out.
Hippeastrum Red is distinguished by light green leaves and a very large bulb. From the name it becomes clear that his flowers are red with sharp petals. There is also hippeastrum Red pointed with larger yellowish flowers and Lemon red with bright yellow flowers.
Striped reaches a height of 1 m, sometimes more. Sharp flower petals are painted with lilac-red stripes.
Hippeastrum Elegant - a fairly large plant up to 70 cm tall with a large bulb. The leaves are long and narrow. Large flowers (up to 25 cm in diameter) have a whitish-yellow or whitish-green color with red stripes.