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Japanese camellia (Camellia japonica) is one of the most popular and brightest representatives of the genus Camellia from the Tea family (Theaceae). Under natural conditions, it grows in mountainous areas in China, Taiwan, South Korea and southern Japan. This type of camellia is the progenitor of a huge variety of varieties, but at home, an unusually beautiful indoor flower is represented only by the most decorative and unpretentious varieties of care.
Japanese camellia is a shrubby or fairly tall tree with elliptical or ovoid leaves. The foliage is medium in size, serrate, with a pointed and leathery, glossy, dark green surface. Flowers are single or arranged in not too numerous inflorescences. Especially popular in the culture are garden varieties that form large flowers. Depending on the variety, camellia flowers can be simple, semi-double or double.
Coloring of flowers also directly depends on varietal characteristics, and is most often represented by pink, red and white color. Variegated varieties of camellia are also known. Flowering is quite plentiful and long., falls on the period from December to April, after which large-sized, rounded seeds are formed. Seed material can be obtained when grown in a greenhouse. Almost all varieties are in demand as a highly decorative potted, tub or garden plant.
Growing Japanese camellia in indoor floriculture is quite difficult. Due to its botanical features, it needs strict adherence to cultivation technology.
Camellias are plants of short daylight hours, so it’s enough to provide twelve-hour lighting for flowering. The temperature regime in the room should be kept within 18-20aboutFROM. At the flowering stage, the plant needs to provide a temperature of 8-10aboutFROM. Any temperature changes negatively affect the decorative and flowering.
The plant requires regular spraying with settled or boiled water at room temperature. The use of an air humidifier is good for development.
The decorative culture needs good lighting, so a flower pot with camellia is best placed on the windows of the east and west. When growing on southern windows, it is important to provide high quality shading to the aerial parts. From time to time, the flowering bush needs to be rotated to ensure uniform illumination. In the warm season, Japanese camellia is recommended to be transferred to open ground or to a balcony.
Indoor flower categorically cannot be over-moistened, but watering should be regular and relatively plentiful. Irrigation measures are carried out after sufficient drying of the soil in a flower pot. When the land is dry, leaf fall is often observed. In winter, irrigation needs to be reduced.
Throughout the growing season, ornamental plants need mineral fertilizing. Fertilizers must be diluted at the rate of one gram per liter of sufficiently warm and settled water.
In the process of care should be timely transplanted. Young plants are transplanted annually. Most adult and flowering specimens need transplantation after a year. A good effect is obtained by pinching the shoots. Such an event allows you to get a well-growing and abundantly flowering plant.
The transplant should be carried out in the spring, using for this purpose an acidic, but sufficiently nutritious soil substrate consisting of two parts of leafy soil, two parts of peat, part of soddy earth and part of medium-grained sand. The flower pot must have quality drainage holes. At the bottom of the landing tank, it is necessary to pour a drainage layer.
In Chinese traditional medicine, Japanese camellia is considered an anti-cancer plant, and its flowers are used as an astringent and tonic. Japanese camellia or tsubaki oil is also very popular. This component is very much appreciated in cosmetology due to the unique composition represented by a large number of antioxidants and fatty acids.
Natural remedy is indispensable in the care of any type of skin and has softening and moisturizing properties. After use, the skin becomes smooth, supple and velvety. In addition, the oil can be used as a highly effective anti-UV compound, helps smooth wrinkles, helps relieve swelling and eliminates irritation. Widely used oil to whiten and reduce pigmentation, eliminates darkening and bags under the eyes, allows you to even out skin tone and gives it a healthy glow.
Tsubaki oil has proven itself very well in hair care, helping to strengthen hair follicles, eliminating dryness, brittleness and fragility. After application, there is an improvement in the structure of the hair and the condition of the scalp.
Reviews about the oil are most often positive. Consumers of products note that the transparent and dense, but very easy and well absorbed product is almost completely odorless. As a rule, high-quality oil has a weak grassy aroma and 100% natural composition. Ideal is considered to be used in combination with shea butter instead of a day cream, and a high result can be obtained by adding funds to various clay-based masks.
The most serious plant problem is most often represented by root rot., which is formed as a result of the negative effects of too low temperature conditions or waterlogging of the soil in a flower pot. To cure Japanese camellia, an urgent transplant into a high-quality breathable soil substrate is required, after which irrigation measures must be reduced.
The appearance of brown spots on the foliage may be a sign of phylostictosis. The disease is a consequence of an increased level of air humidity, and foliage is treated with a solution based on copper sulfate for treatment. Affected foliage should be completely removed, and the humidity in the room should be reduced to comfortable indicators.
Relatively rare, indoor Japanese camellia is damaged by spider mites, aphids, or scale insects. In this case, the decorative culture must be carefully treated with oil emulsions, soap solution or chemicals. Subject to the cultivation technology, the plant is practically not affected by diseases or pests, and perfectly retains its decorative qualities for many years.