Garden jasmine is common in gardeners. However, the mock orange has nothing to do with real jasmine, belonging to the Olive family. Chubushnik (Philadelphus) belongs to the Hortensian family. And he got his name only because of the aroma.
The shrub is called chubushnik because its shoots are used for the production of chubuk smoking pipes. Deciduous plant, has a straight trunk, gray bark. The height of the bush can reach - from 70 cm to 6 m. The leaves are simple - up to 7 cm, the flowers are collected in brushes. Flowering continues for 3 weeks.
Planting garden jasmine should be literate. Care of the plant should be thorough, it will depend on its flowering and healthy appearance of the plant. But if you do not pay much attention to the bush, it will also grow. Consider what needs to be done so that the plant is in good condition.
In the open ground, a mock up is to be planted according to some rules.
In the country, the bush must be watered periodically. In this case, watering should be plentiful. If there is insufficient moisture, the leaves will begin to lose color, and the flowers will fade. In hot periods at 1 m2 It is necessary to make up to 30 liters. water.
Also in the garden, it is necessary to loosen the soil regularly so that the mocker feels good. Another important trick is the timely removal of weeds. After loosening, the soil can be mulched, this will save moisture from drying out. Peat can be used as mulch.
For the purposes of hygiene, the mock-up is trimmed. Produce it in the spring, and the point is to remove dried and broken branches. Shoots that are not yet 12 years old are left.
In spring, thinning of the crown of the bush is also carried out. This provokes a new growth of shoots. Old bushes are simply cut down, and the cut places are treated with garden var.
After trimming, all varieties of mock mackerel are fertilized with mullein solution. In the autumn, bushes release many young branches. In the spring they will have to be removed, leaving only the strongest, which will form the backbone of the plant.
All types of mock up require periodic top dressing. The introduction of organics contributes to the lush flowering of the bush. In the first year of growth, garden jasmine is fed with slurry made from 10 liters of water and 1 liter of substance.
Growing mock up from the age of two involves the introduction of mineral fertilizers. The first top dressing is carried out in mid-May with a solution consisting of superphosphate, potassium sulfate, urea, 10 liters of water. The presented mixture is consumed per 1m2.
In what month they feed the second time, it’s impossible to say for sure. The application of wood ash and superphosphate occurs after the bush has faded.
Propagating the plant is easy. The process is carried out in several ways - layering, cuttings, root offspring, dividing the bush. If there is a desire, seeds can also be used. To do this, they are buried by 30 cm, and then covered with straw or leaves. In the spring, shelter is removed.
In the process of propagation by cuttings blanks are kept in the basement in wet sand at zero temperature. In the spring, cuttings are planted in the pits, slightly tilting them. The root system of plants will be formed by autumn, a year later by autumn it will be possible to transplant the plant to a permanent place.
When propagated by green cuttings, they are prepared in May. Rooted seedlings in greenhouses or greenhouses. When the cuttings take root - after 2 months, they should be hardened, after 2 years the seedlings are planted in a permanent place.
When propagating by layering from bushes receive young growth, which is pressed and fixed in the ground. After it starts to grow upward, it is spudded and watered. After 2 years, the finished bush can be planted in a permanent place.
There are many types and varieties of mock orange. Consider a description of some of them.
|Type of mock||general description||Care requirements||Landscape design|
|Caucasian (Ph. Caucasicus Koehne)|
Three-meter bush with brown or yellow shoots, elliptic leaves, cream flowers
The soil should be moist, humus
|Used in all types of landings.|
|Coronet, Rosacea (Philadelphus coronarius)||The tree grows to a height of 3 m, thick foliage, cream flowers||Able to withstand frosts to -25 degrees||Great for garden design.|
|Small-leaved (Ph. Microphyllus Gray)||Bush species - up to one and a half meters in height, elliptical leaves, white flowers, the smell of strawberry||Winter hardiness is average||Varieties are actively used in gardens|
|Large-flowered (Ph. Grandiflorus Mild)||The bush reaches a height of 3 m, the flowers are white, large||Kind of thermophilic, in the shade blooms poorly||Looks good in solitary landings, hedges|
|Odorless (Ph. Inodorus)||Bush height - up to 3 m, chestnut-colored bark, cracking, white flowers||The view is not afraid of frost|
Actively used in the garden
Fluffy (Ph. Pubescens Loisel)
The leaves of the bush are pubescent from below, the flowers are fragrant, the height of the plant is 2 m, annual flowering
Winter-hardy, but new growths may freeze
|It is applied to various landings|
|Common (Philadelphus pallidus)||In height, the bush can reach 3m, leaves - up to 8 cm, cream flowers|
The plant has excellent winter hardiness.
|Varieties of the species are more popular than others, as they have many forms. Actively used in landscape design|
|Grayish (Ph. Incanus Koehne)||Bush height - up to 5 m, flowers are simple, white||Winter-hardy, blooms well under any conditions||Often applied abroad|
|Broadleaf (Latifolius)||The flowers are cream, blooms 25 days, the inflorescence is loose||In Russia it can freeze||The species is actively cultivated in America.|
|Schrenka (Ph. Schrenkii Rupr. Et Maxim)||Deciduous bush, height - up to 3 m, peeling bark, leaves are egg-shaped||Frost-resistant shrub||In parks, squares and gardens, in groups|
|Thin Leaf (Ph. Tenuifolius Rupr. Et Maxim.)||Height - up to 2.5 m, large leaves, thin in the light, white flowers||Shade-tolerant shrub, tolerates transplanting, resistant to smoke|
Used in landscaping, excellent honey plant
|Gordon (Ph. Gordonianus)||Bush - up to 4 m, flowering for 20 days, fragrant flowers, white||It is not resistant to frost, not suitable for cultivation in the middle zone of the Russian Federation|
Not used for landscaping
Lemoine (Philadelphus x lemoinei)
Hybrid view, bush height - up to 3 m, lanceolate leaves, white flowers
|Many varieties are used in the garden as a decor.|
Each type of mock up has many varieties. What is their difference, we will consider further.
|Marshmallow variety||general description||Care requirements||Landscape design|
|Pyramidal (Pyramidalis)||A tall bush, the crown has the shape of a fan, there are many flowers||No special requirements||Flowering is excellent, suitable for any conditions|
|Blizzard (Snezhnaja Burja)||Height - 1.5 m, branches curved, flower petals curved|
It blooms early, does not impose special requirements
|For landing singly and in groups|
|Komsomol (Komsomol)||Stunted bush, green leaves, white flowers|
Winter-hardy enough variety, does not impose high requirements
|The flowers do not fall for a long time, even after flowering, so the variety is not very decorative|
|Airborne landing force (Aeris appulsum)||Bush height - up to 2.5 m, flowering for 3 years, cream flowers||Weather resistant plant||Great for creating a hedge.|
|Ermine Mantle (Murium pallium)||The height of the bush reaches 80 cm, the leaves are thin, the flowers are semi-double, the petals resemble a mantle|
Not demanding to care
|In beauty superior to other varieties of mock|
|Strawberry (Avalanche)||Bush up to 1.5 m tall, brown shoots, abundant flowering||Dies at a temperature of -15 degrees||Actively used in landscape design|
|Majority (Mazhory)||Abundant flowering with white flowers, oval leaves, flower diameter - up to 4 cm, bushy crown||Prefers sun, moderately moist soil.||Single and group plantings, hedge|
The choice of the mock marsh variety in Siberia and other regions of Russia is carried out taking into account personal preferences and soil conditions. Climate features play a role.
Chubushnik looks great in landscape design and in single landings, since it blooms very beautifully. The bush looks like a big white bouquet. But a bush with double flowers can be arranged with a swing or a hammock, with a bench or a decorative mill.
A plant like garden jasmine feels great with the following neighbors:
So, Chubushnik is a highly decorative bush actively used in landscape design. Plant wood is used to make flutes and pipes, as well as other crafts. In the garden, the bush is used as an ornamental plant that delights not only the eye, but also the smell with its amazing aroma.
In one place, the mock-up has been growing excellently for several decades. It does not require a lot of attention, and blooms even in the shade, and also perfectly withstands severe frosts.
If you plant a bush under the windows, in the morning it will delight you with a pleasant aroma reminiscent of jasmine. But in appearance, the mocker does not look like him. However, it looks great in any area.