Dracaena is an ornamental plant from the dry and warm regions of South and Central America, Asia and Africa. In the culture, the most common species are Dracaena fragrant (Dracaena fragrans) and Dracaena deremskaya (Dracaena Deremensis), which are perfectly adapted for growing at home and do not require too complicated care.
The glossy foliage of fragrant dracaena is collected in a rosette, and has a green color and characteristic broad stripes of light green or yellow. With a sheet length of one meter, its width is only 10 cm. The flowers are white and very fragrant, which led to the name of this species. However, flowering crops at home is not observed too often.
The most popular varieties of fragrant dracaena differ in color and size of foliage, but completely unpretentious in care and grow very well in indoor floriculture:
Blooming dracaena deremskaya is a very catchy representative of the Iglitsa family (Ruscaceae), and is quite capable of decorating almost any interior. After flowering, the fruits are represented by rounded orange juicy berries, hiding the seeds of this species of dracaena.
The plant has a slender stem part, often reaching a meter and a half, and large bent leathery leaves of dark green color. The foliage contains characteristic white longitudinal stripes. The leaves are located not only on the apical part of the plant, but also along the entire powerful and upright trunk.
Among the cultivated varieties of dracaena, Derema are especially popular:
Among the miniature varieties of this type of indoor dracaena, a very compact and highly decorative variety Janet Craig Compacta should be noted.
The most important aspects in the cultivation of Derema and fragrant dracaena are the implementation of the correct and timely watering of the decorative culture. In the warm period, watering should be done about a couple of times a week, as the top layer of soil dries in a flower pot. In winter, watering should be sufficiently reduced, and the soil should dry out almost completely, otherwise the root system rots due to excess moisture.
All water from the pan after irrigation must be removed. Dracaenas are very responsive to spraying, so it is advisable to carry out such procedures as often as possible. In the summer, it is recommended to arrange a warm shower for the plant, which helps to clean the foliage from accumulated dust or pollution.
When suffocating, it is very important to ensure that drops of water do not accumulate in the leaf sinuses. A good result is given by careful loosening of the soil after irrigation, which improves the flow of air to the roots of the decorative culture.
Almost any soil composition may be suitable for cultivating dracaena in room conditions., and the main condition for the proper growth and development of the plant is soil nutrition. The soil mixture based on medium-grained pure sand and deciduous land with the addition of a small amount of charcoal is considered to be optimal.
It is very important to provide the plant with a high-quality drainage layer that prevents stagnation of water at the root system of the plant. The best result shows the use of expanded clay as a drainage of large fractions. In winter, any kind of dracaena is in a state of natural rest, which is accompanied by the cessation of growth activity of decorative culture. During this period, there is no need to carry out any manipulations with the plant.
The best time to transplant Derema and fragrant dracaena is the early spring period. It is in the spring that the intensive growth and development of decorative culture is observed. During each transplant, the diameter of the flower pot is recommended to be increased by about a couple of centimeters. Too old and large specimens do not need to be transplanted. In this case, it is enough to replace the topsoil in the flower pot after a year.
In indoor conditions, the propagation of dracaena can be carried out in several fairly simple and very reliable ways. The presence of a warm room and high-quality, sufficient for the full rooting of artificial lighting, allows for the vegetative propagation of dracaena even in the late autumn period. Best to use cuttingsin which, by means of a secateurs, the cuttings are cut to a height of 15-20 cm, followed by removal of the lower foliage, which will make it easy to immerse the prepared planting material in a nutrient soil substrate.
Before rooting in the soil, the cut must be allowed to dry well. To prevent decay of fresh slices, they must be treated with crushed coal.
A shallow and accurate cut is made on the lower part of the cut stalk, into which a sliver is inserted, which facilitates root formation of an already lignified planting material. At the bottom of the flower pot you need to place a pure expanded clay or moss-sphagnum. A light substrate for rooting can be represented by perlite spilled with a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate. A stalk for rooting is placed in a disinfected substrate.
Rooting of the apical shoot in warm water at a temperature of 23-25 ° C is also allowed. This method allows you to get high-quality root processes for a couple of weeks, after which the stalk is transplanted with a flower pot filled with nutritious soil mixture.
If the apical part of the ornamental plant has rotted or dried, then stem propagation can be used to propagate dracaena. A healthy stem should be cut into 10 cm long cuttings and placed horizontally on the surface of slightly moistened soil. The temperature of the soil and air in the rooting room should not be lower than 20-24 ° C. To ensure that the conditions for rooting are optimal, it is recommended to cover the cuttings with a transparent plastic wrap. Shelter is removed after the plant has completely taken root.
Despite the fact that the described varieties of dracaena are characterized as quite unpretentious, obvious violations of agricultural technology can cause a decrease in the decorativeness of the culture, and sometimes even the death of plants:
Growing fragrant and dera dracaena at home is absolutely accessible even to beginner growers, but only following all the rules of growing technology will make this plant truly decorative, healthy and durable.