Edible and poisonous mushrooms of the Volgograd region



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The fruiting season of mushrooms traditionally begins in the Volgograd region a little later than in the forests of the middle zone of our country. However, the steppe region is not always and not everywhere replete with edible mushrooms.

Edible mushrooms of the Volgograd region

August is considered to be the most fruitful for mushrooms, when you can collect a lot of porcini mushrooms, mushrooms, saffron milk mushrooms, brown mushrooms, porcini loads, russula and butter. Also in the first half of the last summer month a wave of honey mushrooms appears in the Volgograd Region, and in the middle of August you can find mushrooms such as trevushki and whites.

From the second half of August, the best time for picking mushrooms is coming. It was at this time that edible mushrooms such as honey agarics, traps, whites, as well as brown boletus and white podruzheny very abundantly bear fruit.

View nameSpreadBeginning of the fruiting periodEnd of fruiting period
MorelGrow in forests, parks and gardens, on old conflagrationsMid aprilIn May
BerezovikOften grow near birch, as they form mycorrhiza with its rootsThe beginning of JuneIn the first decade of October
RedheadOften grow near aspen, as they form mycorrhiza with its root systemThe beginning of JuneIn the first decade of October
ButterThey form mycorrhiza mainly with a double and five-coniferous pine or larch.Early JuneIn the last decade of September
RussulaIn almost all forests, spans, at the edge and in marshy placesMid juneIn the first decade of October
White preloadIt is more common at the edges of coniferous, deciduous and mixed forests, and can also grow under birch, oak, beech, spruce and pine, alder or aspen.Mid summerIn the last decade of September
ValuiIt grows in shady and humid places, most often found in birch forests, as well as forest zones mixed with birch trees.Early JulyIn the last decade of September
PorciniIt forms mycorrhiza with different types of deciduous and coniferous trees, but it especially grows under firs, pines, oak and birch trees.Mid juneIn the first decade of October
KozlyakMost often grows in coniferous forests and pine plantations, on acidic and nutritious soils with sufficient moisture, near roads and in sphagnum marshy areasThe last decade of JulyIn the last days of September
FoxIt grows everywhere in temperate forest zones, but is more common in coniferous and mixed forests, in moist mossy areas, among grass or leaf litterSince mid JulyAt the end of September or mid-October
GingerMost often grows in pine and spruce forest zones, in grass and in mossSince mid JulyAt the end of September or mid-October
WakeIt grows on the territory of birch and mixed with birch forest zones, where it forms mycorrhiza with birch trees.Mid summerIn the first decade of October
FlywheelForms mycorrhiza with coniferous and deciduous trees, or represented by soil saprotrophsMid juneIn the second decade of October

Poisonous mushrooms

In the spring, not only edible species appear, but also poisonous and inedible mushrooms, the main description and characteristics of which any mushroom picker needs to know:

  • death cap - one of the most dangerous and deadly poisonous mushrooms, which can be confused with russula or champignon;
  • entomol poisonous - a deadly mushroom, known to many as a poisonous pink plate;
  • fly agaricwhose fruiting body is characterized by the content of a number of toxic compounds with a psychotropic effect;
  • fly agaric - a low-toxic species, which is not recommended to be collected, since it can be confused with other, deadly poisonous mushrooms;

The most poisonous mushrooms in Russia

  • fly agaric panther - a highly toxic species containing muscarine and muscaridin, as well as scopolamine and hyoscyamine, found in other poisonous plants;
  • Amanita stinky - a deadly poisonous species that can be confused with many types of edible champignon by many inexperienced mushroom pickers;
  • common raincoat - an inedible species, which in large quantities has low toxicity and is capable of causing gastrointestinal upsets;
  • gall mushroomcontaining very specific bitterness in its pulp, which allows the use of this species as a choleretic agent;
  • satanic mushroom - a poisonous species of mushroom from the genus Borovik.

In addition, waxed talkers, some types of fibrils, as well as false honey mushrooms and sow pigs are very poisonous and deadly poisonous, so it is only necessary to collect well-known mushrooms, the edibility of which is beyond doubt.

When and which mushrooms to collect

In the spring, the first lines appear are morels and morels and May mushroom, which must be soaked for at least an hour before cooking mushroom dishes, and then thoroughly rinsed under running water. The first in June are the fruiting bodies of russula and summer mushrooms, but already in the middle of the month it is possible to harvest crops of boletus, butter and moss.

July is one of the hottest months, so the main peak of fruiting occurs in August and the first decade of autumn, and Indian summer and golden autumn is a great time to collect mushroom crops. Experienced mushroom pickers and connoisseurs of "silent" hunting recommend harvesting in the following areas.

Mushroom placeArray featuresThe main types
Direction of the Don and Tsimlyansk reservoir, Peskovatka, Panshino and Krasnodonsky farmsWet lowlands, deciduous and pine copsesSeries, aspen, butter
The Volga-Akhtubinskaya floodplain in the area of ​​Gromkov, Pokrovka and ZubarevkaThe oak part of the floodplainMushrooms, rowing, moss-mushrooms and porcini mushrooms
Island Territories Hungry, Sarpinsky and MoneyWet lowlands and copsesA large number of rows, loads and podgruzki, flywheels and the Polish mushroom
Steppe territories near the Volgograd reservoirPastures and pasture areasMeadow mushrooms

Tips from experienced mushroom pickers

Experienced mushroom pickers recommend:

  • do not pick mushrooms with a tuberous thickening, which is covered with a torn shell;
  • it is impossible to collect overgrown or old, as well as wormy fruiting bodies, in which toxic substances and elements of protein decomposition are accumulated;
  • it is best to pick mushrooms in drizzling rain or cloudy weather;
  • Do not eat mushroom dishes for people suffering from diseases of the liver and kidneys, as well as the gastrointestinal tract;
  • it is not recommended to use dishes using mushrooms in the menu of children under the age of twelve;

  • all collected fruit bodies of mushrooms should be processed as quickly as possible;
  • pre-treatment of mushrooms includes trimming the root of the fruiting body, removing large adhering forest debris, as well as thorough washing in running water;
  • mushrooms related to milkers should be soaked without fail in water for several days, replacing water several times a day, which will remove bitter or caustic, plentiful milk juice from fruit bodies;
  • optimal is the preliminary boiling of mushrooms, which allows you to remove from the fruiting bodies a significant part of all harmful components;
  • inexperienced, beginning mushroom pickers can be recommended to collect not lamellar, but tubular mushrooms.

Edible Mushrooms: Varieties

It should be remembered that the fruiting bodies of mushrooms have a unique ability to select from soil, air, as well as water, and accumulate a variety of toxins or harmful impurities, so you cannot pick mushrooms in roadside forest belts, storages of any chemicals and industrial enterprises.



Comments:

  1. Kleef

    Whatever.

  2. Cochise

    the absurd situation has arisen

  3. Gakasa

    I read and feel at home. Thanks to the creators for the good resource!



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